These Bible verses are among those which are commanded to be taught in the Great Commission in Matthew 28:20a where Jesus spoke of discipling the nations, “…teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you.”
1. “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness” (Gen. 1:26). One of the Hebrew meanings of “image” mentioned in Strong’s Concordance is “representative.” In America’s republican form of government, rulers are representatives of the people under God and citizens are responsible to see that the laws of God are carried out by their representatives in the civil sphere.
2. “Whoever sheds man’s blood, By man his blood shall be shed, For in the image of God He made man” (Gen. 9:6). This is the first verse in the Bible to establish a purpose of civil government and why America government includes capital punishment.
3. “Furthermore, you shall select out of all the people able men who fear God, men of truth, those who hate dishonest gain, you shall place them over them, as leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties and of tens. And let them judge the people at all times; and let it be that every major dispute they will bring to you, but every minor, dispute they themselves will judge. So it will be easier for you, and they will bear the burden with you” (Ex. 18:21, 22). These verses give qualifications of those to be elected, and is the model for America’s judiciary system.
4. “Proclaim liberty though out all the land unto the inhabitants thereof” (Lev. 25:10). This verse is engraved on our Liberty Bell.
5. In I Samuel 8, Israel asks for a king. God allowed “We the People” to select their form of government.
6. Speaking of Jesus, who was to come, Isaiah 9:6 declares, “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the Govern-ment shall be upon his shoulder.” The cry of the people during the time of the revolution was “We have no king but Jesus.” Jesus, the Word, was to be the invisible Ruler of our government.
7. “For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king; he will save us” (Isaiah 33:22). This verse contains the three branches of our Constitutional government which represents the Godhead: The Judiciary (Jesus, our Judge), The Legislative (The Father, our Lawgiver) and The Executive (The Holy Spirit implementing the Law).
8. “But Jesus called them to Himself, and said, ‘You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great men exercise authority over them. It is not so among you, but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be your slaves'” (Matt 20:25-27). Contrary to some forms of government, such as those with kings or tyrants where citizens are servants of the rulers, in our form of government our elected government officials are servants of the people.
9. “Let every person be in subjection to the governing authorities, For there is no authority except from God; and those which exist are established by God” (Rom. 13:1). Government is defined as “that which controls, regulates, restrains or directs” in Webster’s 1828 Dictionary. God is THE sovereign over all governments, i.e., family, church government, etc. which includes civil government, and He gives governing authorities the power and right to rule but only by His Law.
10. “For rulers are not a cause of fear for good be-havior, but for evil. Do you want to have no fear of authority? Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same; for it is a minister of God to you for good. But if you do what is evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the sword for nothing; for it is a minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath upon the one who practices evil” (Rom. 13:3,4). The purpose of civil government is to protect the good and punish the wicked, NOT to be a welfare agent!
11. “And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites. And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the LORD his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them: That his heart be not lifted u above his brethren, and that he turn no aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left to t he end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children in the midst of Israel” (Deut. 17:18-20).
Although Israel would not have a king for over 400 years, which is a government of rulers, God commanded the ruler of His people be governed by law, His Law. America was founded to be a government of Law, not rulers who often become self appointed kings/tyrants.
12. Deut. 17:15 tells us that a foreigner should not be set over God’s people as king. America’s Constitution forbids someone who is not a natural born citizen to be president.
13. Also see Acts 25:16 where the Roman Government required Paul’s accusers to face him.