Robert Boyle was born JANUARY 25, 1627. He studied Bacon, Descartes, and other of his contemporaries, including scientists Isaac Newton and Galileo, philosophers John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, and poet John Milton.
Robert Boyle made contributions in physics and chemistry, especially with his pneumatic experiments using the vacuum pump, putting forward the idea that gases were made of tiny particles.
He discovered the basic law of gas dynamics, known as “Boyle’s Law,” that if the volume of a gas is decreased, the pressure increases proportionally.
Boyle defined the modern idea of an ‘element,’ introduced the litmus test to distinguish acids from bases, and was the first to use the term “chemical analysis.”
In 1660, Boyle and eleven others formed the Royal Society in London to advance scientific experiments.
While in Geneva, during a frightening thunderstorm, Boyle had a deepening conversion experience.
Boyle devoted much effort to defending and propagating the Christian religion, writing the ‘Boyle Lectures’ and numerous books, including:
Discourse Of Things Above Reason (1681);
Robert Boyle provided in his Last Will and Testament, dated July 28, 1691:
“Fifty pounds…for an annual salary so some learned Divine or Preaching Minister…to preach eight sermons in the year, for proving the Christian Religion against notorious Infidels, viz., Atheists, Theists, Pagans, Jews, and Mahometans, not descending lower to any controversies that are among Christians themselves… and encouraging…any undertaking for Propagating the Christian Religion in foreign parts.”
Robert Boyle was a director of the East India Company, and spent large sums supporting missionary societies in the spread of Christianity in Asia.
Boyle believed all races, no matter how diverse, came from Adam and Eve.
He funded translations of the Bible to make it available in people’s vernacular language, in contrast to the prevailing Latin-only policy, most notably an Irish edition (1680-1685), which was thought ill of by English upper class.
In a letter to a Mr. Clodius, Boyle was concerned about propagating the Gospel to natives in New England and the rest of America, and how to translate and print the Bible in American Indian languages.
Robert Boyle wrote:
“Our Saviour would love at no less rate than death; and from the super-eminent height of glory, stooped and debased Himself to the sufferance of the extremest of indignities, and sunk himself to the bottom of abjectness, to exalt our condition to the contrary extreme.”
Boyle wrote in Some Considerations Touching the Style of the Holy Scriptures (1661):
“The Books of Scripture…expound each other; as in the mariner’s compass, the needle’s extremity, though it seems to point purposely to the north, doth yet at the same time discover both east and west, as distant as they are from it and each other, so do some texts of Scripture guide us to the intelligence of others.”
“There are divers truths in the Christian religion, that reason left to itself would never have been able to find out… Such as…free will…that the world was made in six days, that Christ should be born of a virgin, and that in his person there should be united two such infinitely distant natures as the divine and human; and that the bodies of good men shall be raised from death and so advantageously changed, that the glorified persons shall be like or equal to, the angels.”
Boyle wrote of the last days and the “sinful world’s ruin”:
“In Noah’s time a deluge of impiety called for a deluge of waters…and so when (in the last days) the earth shall be replenished with those scoffers mentioned by St Peter, who will walk after their own lusts, and deride the expectation of God’s foretold coming to judge and punish the ungodly, their impiety shall be as well punished as silenced by the unexpected flames…that shall either destroy or transfigure the world.
For as by the law of Moses the leperous garment which would not be recovered by being washed in water, was to be burnt in the fire, so the world, which the Deluge could not cleanse, a general conflagration must destroy.”
Boyle wrote of the destruction of the world by fire at the end of this age:
“The present course of nature shall not last always, but that one day this world…shall either be abolished by annihilation, or which seems far more probable, be innovated, and as it were transfigured, and that, by the intervention of that fire, which shall dissolve and destroy the present frame of nature: so that either way, the present state of things, (as well natural as political) shall have an end.”